Top 20 Landmarks in London You Need to Explore (With Maps + Photos)

Landmarks in London

London, the bustling capital of England, is renowned for its vibrant culture, rich history, and iconic landmarks. From the historic Tower of London to the modern Shard, this city offers a blend of classic and quirky sites that cater to every traveler’s interests. Whether you are a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or someone who appreciates contemporary art, London has something to offer.

Exploring London’s landmarks is like taking a journey through time. From the ancient walls of the Tower of London to the sleek glass facade of the Shard, each landmark tells a unique story and offers a different perspective on the city. Whether you are strolling through the picturesque streets of Camden Market or admiring the panoramic views from the London Eye, you will be captivated by the charm and beauty that London has to offer.

In this blog, we will take you on a virtual tour of the top 20 landmarks in London that you need to explore. We will delve into the history, architecture, and significance of each landmark, providing you with a comprehensive guide to the must-visit sites in the city. So grab your map and camera, and let’s embark on a journey through the classic and quirky landmarks of London.

Discover the Top 20 Landmarks in London: A Blend of Classic and Quirky Sites

London is a city that seamlessly blends its rich history with its contemporary charm. From medieval fortresses to futuristic skyscrapers, the capital of England offers a diverse range of landmarks that reflect the city’s evolution over the centuries. Let’s explore the top 20 landmarks in London that you need to add to your itinerary.

First on the list is the Tower of London, a historic fortress that has stood on the banks of the River Thames for over 900 years. This iconic landmark is steeped in history and is home to the Crown Jewels, the White Tower, and numerous other historic buildings. It is a must-visit for history lovers and those looking to delve into the secrets of the past.

Next up is Buckingham Palace, the official residence of the Queen. This grand building is a symbol of the monarchy and offers visitors a glimpse into the world of royalty. Don’t miss the chance to witness the famous Changing of the Guard ceremony, a spectacle that attracts visitors from around the world.

For those seeking a taste of modern London, the Shard is a must-visit landmark. Standing at over 1,000 feet tall, this glass-clad skyscraper offers breathtaking panoramic views of the city from its observation deck. Experience the city from a whole new perspective as you take in the stunning views of the London skyline.

Camden Market is another landmark that showcases the eclectic and vibrant side of London. This quirky shopping destination is a haven for fashionistas, foodies, and music lovers. Explore the maze of stalls and shops, sample delicious street food, and discover unique fashion finds in this vibrant neighborhood.

No visit to London is complete without a ride on the London Eye. This iconic Ferris wheel offers unparalleled views of the city’s landmarks, including Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament. Take a leisurely spin on the London Eye and see the city from a different angle.

Lastly, St. Paul’s Cathedral is a masterpiece of architectural design and a symbol of British resilience. Its iconic dome dominates the London skyline and its interior is equally impressive, with intricate mosaics and beautiful stained glass windows. Attend a daily service or take a guided tour to fully appreciate the beauty and history of this architectural gem.

These are just a few of the top landmarks in London that you need to explore. Each one offers a unique perspective on the city’s history, culture, and architecture. So grab your camera, put on your walking shoes, and get ready to discover the wonders of London.

1. The Tower of London: A Historic Fortress with Secrets to Tell

The Tower of London
The Tower of London

The Tower of London stands as a testament to London’s rich and fascinating history. This historic fortress, located on the banks of the River Thames, has stood for over 900 years and has played a key role in shaping the city’s destiny.

Step inside the walls of the Tower of London and you will be transported back in time. Explore the imposing White Tower, which dates back to the 11th century and houses the dazzling Crown Jewels. Marvel at the medieval architecture and uncover the stories of the historic figures who once walked these halls.

The Tower of London is also known for its dark and mysterious past. It was a place of imprisonment and execution, with infamous prisoners such as Anne Boleyn and Sir Walter Raleigh held within its walls. Take a guided tour and learn about the secrets and scandals that have unfolded within these ancient walls.

For those interested in military history, the Tower of London offers a unique opportunity to explore a historic fortress. Visit the medieval battlements, learn about the castle’s role in defending the city, and immerse yourself in the world of knights and armor.

Whether you are a history enthusiast or simply looking to immerse yourself in London’s rich past, the Tower of London is a must-visit landmark. Explore its historic buildings, marvel at the Crown Jewels, and uncover the secrets that lie within this iconic fortress.

2. Buckingham Palace: The Majesty of the Royal Residence

 Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace, the official residence of the Queen, is a symbol of British royalty and grandeur. This iconic landmark has been the backdrop for countless royal events and is a must-visit for anyone wanting to experience the majesty of the monarchy.

As you approach Buckingham Palace, you can’t help but be impressed by its grandeur and beauty. The palace’s iconic facade, adorned with intricate details and the Royal Standard flag, is a sight to behold. Be sure to time your visit to witness the Changing of the Guard ceremony, a centuries-old tradition that takes place daily during the summer months and on alternate days during the winter.

While the interior of Buckingham Palace is not open to the public year-round, visitors can explore the State Rooms during the summer months. Step inside and be amazed by the opulent decor, priceless works of art, and stunning architectural details. Learn about the history of the palace and the royal family through informative displays and audio guides.

If you’re lucky, you may even catch a glimpse of the Queen or other members of the royal family during your visit. Keep an eye out for the royal standard flag flying above the palace, which indicates that the Queen is in residence.

Buckingham Palace is a true symbol of British royalty and a must-visit landmark in London. Whether you’re a history enthusiast or simply curious about the monarchy, a visit to Buckingham Palace will leave you in awe of its majesty and grandeur.

3. The Shard: London’s Skyline Redefined

 The Shard
The Shard

The Shard is a relatively new addition to London’s skyline, but it has quickly become one of the city’s most iconic landmarks. This towering skyscraper stands at over 1,000 feet tall and offers unparalleled views of the city from its observation deck.

Designed by renowned architect Renzo Piano, the Shard is a striking blend of glass and steel. Its unique shape and sleek facade make it instantly recognizable and a must-visit for architecture enthusiasts.

Visitors to the Shard can ascend to the viewing platform, known as “The View from the Shard,” and experience breathtaking panoramic views of London. From this vantage point, you can see the city’s most famous landmarks, including the Tower of London, St. Paul’s Cathedral, and the London Eye. On a clear day, you can even see up to 40 miles in every direction.

To enhance your experience at the Shard, consider booking a dining experience at one of its restaurants. Enjoy a meal or a drink at one of the sky-high establishments and savor the stunning views as you dine.

Whether you’re a lover of architecture or simply looking to see London from a different perspective, a visit to the Shard is a must. Experience the city like never before as you take in the panoramic views from one of the tallest buildings in Europe.

4. The British Museum: A Treasure Trove of World History and Art

The British Museum
The British Museum

The British Museum is a world-class institution that houses a vast collection of artifacts from around the globe. It is one of the largest and most comprehensive museums in the world, and a must-visit for those interested in history, culture, and art.

Step inside the British Museum and you will be greeted by a treasure trove of ancient relics and masterpieces. The museum’s collection spans over two million years of human history, with artifacts from every corner of the globe.

From the Rosetta Stone to the Elgin Marbles, the British Museum is home to some of the world’s most iconic and valuable artifacts. Explore the galleries and immerse yourself in ancient civilizations, from the Egyptian pharaohs to the Greek gods.

One of the highlights of the British Museum is the Great Court, a stunning glass-covered courtyard that serves as the museum’s central hub. Take a moment to admire the beautiful architecture and enjoy a coffee or a meal at one of the cafes.

The best part? Admission to the British Museum is free, making it accessible to everyone. Whether you have a few hours or a whole day to spare, a visit to this iconic landmark is a must for anyone interested in world history and art.

5. Camden Market: A Quirky Shopping Experience

Camden Market
Camden Market

Immerse yourself in the eccentric and vibrant atmosphere of Camden Market. This bustling market is a haven for alternative fashion, vintage finds, and unique street food. Explore the maze of stalls and shops, discover one-of-a-kind treasures, and indulge in delicious international cuisine. From quirky clothing and accessories to handcrafted art and antiques, Camden Market offers a shopping experience like no other. Don’t forget to wander along the picturesque Regent’s Canal and soak in the bohemian vibe of this iconic London neighborhood.

6. The London Eye: Panoramic Views of the Capital

 The London Eye
The London Eye

Experience London from new heights with a ride on the iconic London Eye. This giant Ferris wheel offers unparalleled panoramic views of the city’s skyline. From the Houses of Parliament to St. Paul’s Cathedral, you’ll be able to see all of London’s most famous landmarks from the comfort of your capsule. Whether you choose to visit during the day or at night, the London Eye offers a truly unforgettable experience. Don’t forget to capture the perfect Instagram-worthy shot as you soar high above the city.

7. St. Paul’s Cathedral: An Architectural Masterpiece

. St. Paul's Cathedral
. St. Paul’s Cathedral

Marvel at the grandeur of St. Paul’s Cathedral, one of London’s most iconic landmarks. Designed by Sir Christopher Wren, this architectural masterpiece is a testament to the city’s rich history. Step inside and be awed by the stunning interior, featuring intricate mosaics, beautiful stained glass windows, and the famous Whispering Gallery. Climb to the top of the dome for breathtaking views of the city, or attend a choral evensong service to experience the cathedral’s acoustic wonders. St. Paul’s Cathedral is a must-visit for anyone interested in history, architecture, or simply seeking a moment of peace in the heart of London.

8. The Tate Modern: Contemporary Art in a Former Power Station

The Tate Modern
The Tate Modern

Immerse yourself in the world of contemporary art at the Tate Modern. Housed in a former power station on the banks of the River Thames, this iconic gallery showcases a diverse range of artworks from around the world. Explore the vast collection, which includes works by artists such as Picasso, Warhol, and Hockney. Don’t miss the awe-inspiring Turbine Hall, a massive space that hosts large-scale installations. Whether you’re an art enthusiast or simply curious about modern creativity, the Tate Modern offers a captivating experience that will leave you inspired.

9. Covent Garden: Entertainment and Shopping Hub

Covent Garden
Covent Garden

Experience the vibrant atmosphere of Covent Garden, a bustling entertainment and shopping district in the heart of London. Explore the charming cobblestone streets lined with independent boutiques, market stalls, and world-class restaurants. Catch a live performance at the Royal Opera House or street performers in the famous Covent Garden Piazza. Indulge in a shopping spree at the luxury brands or browse through unique artisanal products. With its lively ambiance and diverse offerings, Covent Garden is a must-visit destination for those seeking a taste of London’s cultural and culinary delights.

10. The Royal Observatory, Greenwich: Where Time Begins

The Royal Observatory, Greenwich
The Royal Observatory, Greenwich

Discover the birthplace of time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich. Situated on a hill overlooking the River Thames, this historic site is where the prime meridian, or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), was established. Explore the museum’s fascinating collection of astronomical instruments, learn about the history of navigation, and stand on the iconic Meridian Line. Don’t miss the opportunity to gaze at the stars in the Peter Harrison Planetarium or take in the stunning views of London from the Royal Observatory’s grounds. The Royal Observatory is a must-visit for those with a passion for astronomy, history, or simply a desire to stand at the center of time.

11. The Natural History Museum: A Dinosaur Haven

The Natural History Museum
The Natural History Museum

Step into a world of wonder at the Natural History Museum, home to a vast collection of natural specimens and artifacts. Explore the museum’s many galleries, including the iconic Hintze Hall, where you’ll be greeted by the towering skeleton of a blue whale. Marvel at the extensive dinosaur collection, featuring the famous Diplodocus skeleton, and learn about the diversity of life on Earth. With interactive exhibits, fascinating displays, and a wealth of knowledge, the Natural History Museum is a must-visit destination for nature lovers of all ages.

12. The Science Museum: Interactive and Educational Fun

The Science Museum
The Science Museum

Embark on a journey of discovery at the Science Museum in London. This captivating institution offers interactive exhibits that engage visitors of all ages. From exploring technological advancements to understanding scientific principles, this museum provides a hands-on learning experience. Delve into the world of space exploration, innovation, and experimentation. Uncover the wonders of physics, chemistry, and biology through interactive displays and educational demonstrations. The Science Museum promises a blend of entertainment and enlightenment, making it a must-visit destination for those keen on unraveling the mysteries of science.

13. The Victoria & Albert Museum: Celebrating Art and Design

 The Victoria & Albert Museum
The Victoria & Albert Museum

Nestled in London, the Victoria & Albert Museum epitomizes a celebration of art and design. As a beacon of creativity, it showcases exquisite collections from diverse cultures and eras, inviting visitors to immerse themselves in the world of aesthetics and craftsmanship. From ancient artifacts to contemporary creations, the museum offers a mesmerizing journey through the evolution of artistic expression. Through its engaging exhibitions and insightful displays, the Victoria & Albert Museum stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of human ingenuity and imagination, making it a must-visit for art enthusiasts and cultural connoisseurs alike.

14. Shoreditch: Street Art and Hipster Vibes


Shoreditch in London is renowned for its vibrant street art scene and hipster culture. The area pulsates with creativity, boasting colorful murals adorning its walls and quirky installations that reflect the neighborhood’s artistic spirit. Stroll along the streets lined with independent shops, trendy cafes, and pop-up galleries, immersing yourself in the eclectic and unconventional atmosphere that Shoreditch exudes. Embrace the unique blend of artistry and individuality as you explore this hotspot for urban creativity, where every corner tells a story through graffiti, street art, and avant-garde expressions. Shoreditch is a must-visit destination for art enthusiasts and those seeking a taste of London’s alternative scene.

15. The Globe Theatre: A Touch of Shakespeare

The Globe Theatre
The Globe Theatre

Step into history at the Globe Theatre, where Shakespeare’s works come alive on this iconic stage. The Globe offers a true Elizabethan experience, transporting visitors back in time to the days of the Bard. From “Romeo and Juliet” to “Hamlet,” you can witness performances just as they were intended during Shakespeare’s era. The thatched roof and wooden beams add to the authentic ambiance of this historic replica. Embrace the magic of live theater in a setting that resonates with the essence of Shakespearean drama. Don’t miss the chance to immerse yourself in the unparalleled charm of the Globe Theatre.

16. Kew Gardens: A Botanical Wonderland

Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens

Nestled in London, Kew Gardens is a botanical wonderland, boasting a diverse collection of plants from around the globe. As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it offers a mesmerizing blend of landscapes, greenhouses, and galleries. Visitors can explore the iconic Palm House, a Victorian glasshouse showcasing tropical plants, or stroll along the Treetop Walkway for a unique perspective. Home to over 30,000 species of plants, including rare and exotic specimens, Kew Gardens provides a peaceful retreat from the bustling city. The gardens also host seasonal exhibitions, educational programs, and conservation initiatives, making it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and botany lovers alike.

17. The Cutty Sark: A Maritime Adventure

The Cutty Sark

With its rich maritime history, the Cutty Sark offers a unique adventure in London. This legendary tea clipper, now a museum ship in Greenwich, allows visitors to delve into the world of 19th-century sea transportation. The Cutty Sark’s sleek design and historical significance make it a must-see landmark for maritime enthusiasts and history buffs alike. Exploring its decks and learning about its voyages across the seas provides a fascinating insight into Britain’s nautical past. The Cutty Sark stands as a testament to the age of sail and offers a captivating journey back in time amidst the bustling city of London.

18. Little Venice: Canals and Charm

 Little Venice
Little Venice

Nestled in London, Little Venice enchants visitors with its serene canals and picturesque charm. This hidden gem offers a peaceful escape within the bustling city, inviting you to meander along the waterways or take a relaxing boat ride. Lined with quaint cafes and colorful houseboats, Little Venice exudes a unique ambiance perfect for a leisurely afternoon stroll. The tranquil atmosphere and scenic beauty make it a must-visit destination for those seeking a serene retreat amidst the lively urban landscape. Whether you’re a local looking for a tranquil escape or a tourist exploring London’s lesser-known treasures, Little Venice’s canal views and relaxed vibe will surely captivate your senses.

19. The Churchill War Rooms: A Glimpse into WWII Strategies

The Churchill War Rooms
The Churchill War Rooms

Explore the Churchill War Rooms for a historic journey into WWII strategies. Immerse yourself in the underground complex where Winston Churchill and his team planned critical wartime decisions. Gain insights into the nerve center of British operations during the war. Discover the rooms preserved exactly as they were, offering a vivid picture of the past. Learn about the strategic discussions, map rooms, and communication systems that shaped the course of history. Experience the intensity of the era firsthand in this immersive exhibit that provides a unique perspective on the challenges faced during WWII. Uncover the secrets of wartime strategy at this must-visit London landmark.

20. Sky Garden: London’s Highest Public Garden

Sky Garden
Sky Garden

Entice your senses at Sky Garden, London’s highest public garden. Set atop the city’s skyline, this verdant oasis offers panoramic views and a serene escape from the bustling streets below. With its lush greenery and contemporary design, Sky Garden provides a unique perspective on the urban landscape. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast or a photography buff, this picturesque spot is a must-visit. Experience London from a different angle as you wander through this elevated garden, taking in the beauty of the surroundings. Sky Garden seamlessly blends nature with modernity, making it a captivating addition to your London itinerary.


London’s diverse blend of classic and quirky landmarks offers a unique exploration experience. From the historic Tower of London to the modern Shard and artistic Tate Modern, each site tells a fascinating story. Whether you’re strolling through Kew Gardens or admiring panoramic views from the London Eye, there’s something for everyone. Uncover hidden gems, plan your transportation, and make the most of your visit with discounted tickets. Explore these iconic sites year-round and create unforgettable memories in this vibrant city.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Best Time of Year to Visit These Landmarks?

The best time to visit these landmarks is during the spring and summer months when the weather is pleasant for exploring outdoor sites like gardens and markets. Avoid peak tourist seasons for a more relaxed experience. Plan ahead to enjoy these iconic spots at their finest.

Are There Any Hidden Gems Among These Top 20 Landmarks?

Exploring London’s top 20 landmarks unveils both iconic sites and hidden gems. From historic fortresses to botanical wonders, each spot has its unique charm waiting to be discovered. Which lesser-known treasure will captivate you next?

How Can I Get Discounted Tickets for Major Attractions?

Discover discounts for London’s major attractions by checking online deals, combo offers, and tourist passes. Utilize city cards for savings on multiple sites. Consider visiting during off-peak hours or booking in advance for better rates.

What Are the Best Transportation Options to Explore These Landmarks?

To explore London’s top landmarks, opt for the efficient Tube system for iconic spots like Buckingham Palace and Covent Garden. Walking tours are ideal for closer exploration of attractions such as St. Paul’s Cathedral and The Shard. Hop-on-hop-off buses offer a convenient way to visit multiple sites.

Can I Visit Multiple Landmarks in One Day?

Visiting multiple landmarks in one day is feasible, but plan wisely to optimize time. Group sites by proximity or use guided tours for efficient exploration. Prioritize must-see locations to make the most of your visit.

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